August 11th, 2013
A collective term used to refer to three Eastern Christians who significantly influenced the development of theology in the late fourth century: Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nazianzen, and Gregory of Nyssa. Basil and Gregory of Nyssa were brothers while Gregory of Nazianzen was a close friend of the two. These three are well-respected by all major traditions in Christianity primarily because of their work on the doctrine of the Trinity in that they brought a balance between the oneness of the substance of God (homoousios) and the diversity within the Godhead (hypostasis). Gregory of Nyssa is often considered to be the most theologically astute of the three and was a major figure at the Second Ecumenical Council of Constantinople in 381. He wrote the second part of the Nicene Creed revision dealing with the Holy Spirit. “Cappadocia” designates the home of the three, an area in Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey).